Scoliosis is a condition where the spine or back bone is curved sideways instead of appearing in a straight line. It can occur in all ages, but commonly occurs in children before puberty, during their growth spurt.
Most often the cause of scoliosis is unknown and is termed idiopathic scoliosis. Scoliosis can be categorized into two groups:
Non-structural scoliosis: This type of scoliosis presents as a structurally normal spine with a temporary or changing curve. Causes include:
Differences in leg lengths
Inflammatory conditions such as appendicitis
Structural scoliosis: This type of scoliosis presents with a fixed curve in the spine. Causes include:
Injury to the spine
Neuromuscular diseases such as cerebral palsy, polio and muscular dystrophy
Connective tissue disorders
Scoliosis is diagnosed by reviewing your child’s medical and family history, and performing a thorough physical examination. X-rays further aid in confirming the diagnosis.
Treatment of scoliosis is based on the cause, age of the patient, and how much your child has to grow. Treatment options include:
Observation: Your child’s physician may follow-up every few months to monitor the curve if the scoliosis is mild.
Bracing: Your child’s physician may recommend wearing a brace to prevent the curve from worsening if your child is still growing.
Surgery: If your child is still growing, the curve is over 40° or is worsening, surgery may be recommended. The most common surgical procedure for scoliosis is correction, stabilization and fusion of the curve.
North Central Surgical Center Hospital complies with applicable Federal civil rights laws and does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, disability, or sex. North Central Surgical Center Hospital is a hospital in which physicians have an ownership or investment interest. The list of physician owners or investors is available to you upon request. We are fully licensed by the state of Texas and are Medicare certified. Our facility is also accredited by The Joint Commission. We are an affiliate of United Surgical Partners International, and partnered with local physicians. Physicians are members of the medical staff and are neither employees nor agents of North Central Surgical Center Hospital, United Surgical Partners International, Baylor Scott & White Health, or any of their subsidiaries or affiliates.